is not a passive thingit requires effort.
you want to make the time you spend listening to lectures more productive?
Here are some tips to follow. Remember, like all learning strategies,
they will only work if you do!
The opening remarks set the tone of the lecture and may
review previous material that has been covered.
is the sentence or statement that that gives you the topic for
This is the largest part of the lecture. It demands your
most active listening. There are usually five or six main points
to be made with discussion and clarification for each.
There is a tendency to tune out this part of the lecture,
but good listeners realize that it is the means to check understanding
of what the lecture was about.
the Lecture Be Prepared
where you can hear and see clearly, preferably toward the front.
ready to participate and work at listening attentively.
all notes and handouts in one binder or have class-specific folders.
Information will be much easier to locate.
ahead of time. Read assigned materials, reread previous notes.
ahead. Try to anticipate what is going to be covered in class.
Lecture Engage in Active Listening
Listen for what is being said, not how it is being said.
for ways to relate ideas to previous lecture, to the textbook,
and to previous experiences.
for transitions and cues during the lecture, as well as repetition
of important points.
for and write down all names, dates, formulas, definitions, and
key examples and all information written on the board.
you are bored, review previous class notes. At least you will
remain focused on the subject.
new notes immediately after class and again before you
go to bed. This step will greatly increase retention.
to find the answers to questions you have noted or new questions
to restate what was said in your own words. If you can't, go back and review until you can because the information is not yet stored in memory.
Above all else, prepare for each lecture hour.
the assigned material carefully before class.
or survey the chapter right before the lecture.
seated before the instructor begins lecturing. During this time,
open your notebook and review your last notes.
mentally ready to listen, eager and demanding to learn something
from the lecture. It is up to you and no one else.
2. Do not
- While you may borrow notes from a classmate, there is much that is covered in class that will be missed. Skipping class puts you at a great disadvantage.
3. Get the
names and phone numbers of at least two other students in class.
- Select students who take good notes and who use the same note-taking
style as you do.
- Contact them if you have missed any classes to get notes and assignments.
basic note-taking format.
each lecture on a new page.
begin with the date and lecture topic at the beginning of your
down all names, dates, formulas, definitions, and key examples
and all information written on the board.
you miss something, leave blank spaces to fill in additional information
question marks next to any information that is not clear so you
can ask the professor, a classmate, or a tutor for clarification
as much space as you need. Don't try to cram everything onto one
page or squeeze a diagram into one corner of the page.
efficient note-taking skills.
you have prepared, you will know what you need to get down in
effective outlining, note-taking, or mapping techniques will be
of great benefit to you. Learning these skills allows you to spend
your mental effort continually anticipating what the instructor
is going to say next.
the lecture hour, take time to summarize to yourself what the
instructor has said. If there is something you don't understand,
ask your professor for clarification.
your own shorthand.
use of abbreviations, symbols, pictures, and diagrams is especially
- Refer to the list of symbols for building note-taking speed. A
list of common symbols can be accessed by clicking the following
link. A new window will open.
Decide which note-taking format works the best for you.
Make yourself aware of the various formats. Refer to the link below
for note-taking options.
Refer to the use of Note
Cards for the most efficient study and recitation
with each approach until you find the one that fits your
Bring the necessary materials for the note-taking style
you decide to use, e.g., Cornell notepaper, multicolor pen,
blank paper, etc.
use the format you select . The more you practice, the better
and faster you will become.
Review your notes that same day.
- Review within 20 minutes after
class for a significant increase in memory of the information
the material is still fresh in your mind, make additional notes.
Fill in the gaps you remember but did not have time to write down.
out your notes as needed, using complete sentences and/or translating
your scribbles into legible writing.
immediate review of lecture material right after class increases
your retention significantly, keep this in mind when you schedule
your classes. Allow a break between each course to allow for this
Summary of key points: Note-taking Tips via youtube
to Listening and Note-taking: Part 2
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